Fall in probation drives decline, BJS report shows
The number of people under correctional supervision in the United States is at its lowest rate since 1996, according to a recently released report from the Bureau of Justice Statistics.
The report, "Correctional Populations in the United States, 2016," provides basic statistics about the number of individuals incarcerated in jails and prisons, as well as the number of individuals under community supervision through probation or parole.
In discussing incarceration in America, reports often focus on just the incarcerated population. The new BJS report notes that probation and parole account for 7 in 10 individuals subject to some form of correctional operation.
The combined number of people under correctional supervision dropped for the ninth year in a row in 2016, falling 18 percent from 2007, generally considered to be the peak of incarceration in America. In 2016 there were 2,640 individuals under correctional supervision per 100,000 people, compared to 3,210 per 100,000 people in 2007.